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New Criminal Laws To Come Into Effect From July 1

The government declared on Saturday that the three new criminal laws will take effect on July 1 and replace the nation’s colonial-era laws.
The Indian Penal Code of 1860, the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) of 1973, and the Indian Evidence Act of 1872 will be replaced by the Bharatiya Nyaya (Second) Sanhita, Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha (Second) Sanhita, and the Bharatiya Sakshya (Second) Bill.

The three laws were approved by the Parliament, and in December 2023, President Droupadi Murmu gave her approval.

When introducing the new laws in the Parliament last year, Union Home Minister Amit Shah stated that they placed “emphasis on Indianness, the Indian Constitution, and the well-being of the people.” According to him, the new laws promote use of technology and place a greater emphasis on forensic science in the areas of investigation, prosecution, and the legal system.

After all systems under the three laws are in place, Shah had claimed the Indian criminal justice system will become the most sophisticated in the world in five years.


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